All Issue

2021 Vol.21, Issue 1

Research Article

April 2021. pp. 1-13
The purpose of this study is to investigate the geographic location of Ophir and its change on maps made during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. For this, maps produced in each period were investigated, and the maps were classified and analyzed by period and site. As a result of the analysis, it was confirmed that in the Middle Ages, the coastal area on the west side of the Indus River, the Ganges River basin, the Red Sea coastal area, and islands on the Red Sea were marked. It was also confirmed that during the Renaissance, the site moved to Hispaniola, Peru, the Spice Islands, and Sofala. In addition, Tarshish was marked in the west of Cathay in the Middle Ages, but in the Renaissance, it was confirmed that it was located in a place close to Ophir. Theological interpretations of Native Americans and knowledge gathered from locals by explorers also influenced Ophir’s positional markings. After 1600 Ophir disappeared from maps other than Bible maps.
이 연구의 목적은 중세와 르네상스 시기에 제작된 지도에 표시된 오빌의 지리적 위치와 시대별 위치변화를 조사하는 것이다. 이를 위해 각 시기에 제작된 지도를 조사하여, 이를 시대별 그리고 지역별로 분류하여 분석했다. 분석 결과 중세에는 인더스강 서편의 해안지역, 갠지스강 유역, 홍해연안 지역과 홍해상의 섬으로 표시된 것을 확인했다. 그리고 르네상스 시기에는 히스파니올라, 페루, 향료제도와 소팔라로 대상지가 옮겨 갔다. 또한 다시스는 중세에는 카타이 서편에 그려졌으나, 르네상스 시기에는 오빌과 가까운 장소로 이동했다. 그리고 아메리카 원주민에 대한 신학적 해석과 현지인들로부터 수집한 지식 역시 오빌의 위치를 변화시켰다. 1600년 이후에는 오빌은 성경지도를 제외한 지도에서는 완전히 사라진 것 역시 확인했다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국지도학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국지도학회지
  • Volume : 21
  • No :1
  • Pages :1-13